Science and Emotions after 1945

 

9780226126487

Source : The University of Chicago Press

Science and Emotions after 1945

A Transatlantic Perspective

Edited by Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross

384 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2014
Through the first half of the twentieth century, emotions were a legitimate object of scientific study across a variety of disciplines. After 1945, however, in the wake of Nazi irrationalism, emotions became increasingly marginalized and postwar rationalism took central stage. Emotion remained on the scene of scientific and popular study but largely at the fringes as a behavioral reflex, or as a concern of the private sphere. So why, by the 1960s, had the study of emotions returned to the forefront of academic investigation?

In Science and Emotions after 1945, Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross chronicle the curious resurgence of emotion studies and show that it was fueled by two very different sources: social movements of the 1960s and brain science. A central claim of the book is that the relatively recent neuroscientific study of emotion did not initiate – but instead consolidated – the emotional turn by clearing the ground for multidisciplinary work on the emotions. Science and Emotions after 1945 tells the story of this shift by looking closely at scientific disciplines in which the study of emotions has featured prominently, including medicine, psychiatry, neuroscience, and the social sciences, viewed in each case from a humanities perspective.

Introduction: Emotional Returns

Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross

 

PART ONE   Neuroscience

1  Humanists and the Experimental Study of Emotion

WILLIAM M. REDDY

 

2  “Both of Us Disgusted in My Insula”: Mirror-Neuron Theory and Emotional Empathy

RUTH LEYS

 

3  Emotion Science and the Heart of a Two-Cultures Problem

DANIEL M. GROSS AND STEPHANIE D. PRESTON

 

PART TWO   Medicine

 

4  What Is an Excitement?

Otniel E. Dror

 

5  The Science of Pain and Pleasure in the Shadow of the Holocaust

CATHY GERE

 

6  Oncomotions: Experience and Debates in West Germany and the United States after 1945

Bettina Hitzer

 

PART THREE Psychiatry

 

7  The Concept of Panic: Military Psychiatry and Emotional Preparation for Nuclear War in Postwar West Germany

Frank Biess

 

8  Preventing the Inevitable: John Appel and the Problem of Psychiatric Casualties in the US Army during World War II

Rebecca Jo Plant

 

9  Feeling for the Protest Faster: How the Self-Starving Body Influences Social Movements and Global Medical Ethics

Nayan B. Shah

 

PART FOUR Social Sciences

 

10  Across Different Cultures? Emotions in Science during the Early Twentieth Century

Uffa Jensen

 

11  Decolonizing Emotions: The Management of Feeling in the New World Order

JORDANNA BAILKIN

 

12  Passions, Preferences, and Animal Spirits: How Does Homo Oeconomicus Cope with Emotions?

UTE FREVERT

 

13  The Transatlantic Element in the Sociology of Emotions

HELENA FLAM

 

14  Feminist Theories and the Science of Emotion

CATHERINE LUTZ

 

15  Affect, Trauma, and Daily Life: Transatlantic Legal and Medical Responses to Bullying and Intimidation

RODDEY REID

 

Coda: Erasures; Writing History about Holocaust Trauma

Carolyn J. Dean

 

List of Contributors

Index