Archives de catégorie : Ressources en ligne

Deux conférences de B. H. Rosenwein (enregistrement)

Barbara H. Rosenwein a prononcé deux conférences à l’université d’Oxford en qualité de professeur invité au mois de mai dernier :

« How Can There Be A History of Emotions? » (11 mai 2015)

« Generations of Feeling:  An Overview and A Case Study » (13 mai 2015)

Enregistrement en accès libre

En attendant la parution de son nouveau livre, annoncé pour la fin de l’année : Generations of Feeling:  A History of Emotions, 600-1700. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Affects, émotions, convictions: l’intime et l’historien

C’est ainsi que s’intitule le dossier (2014 /5), consacré à l’histoire des émotions, de la revue Source(s), Cahiers de l’équipe de recherche ARCHE, Arts, Civilisation et Histoire de l’Europe de l’Université de Strasbourg, également accessible en ligne, téléchargeable en intégralité ou par article .

En voici la table des matières ici :

Sommaire 

I. DOSSIER. AFFECTS, ÉMOTIONS, CONVICTIONS : L’INTIME ET L’HISTORIEN

Présentation
Anne Corneloup

Les émotions dans le monde régulier au Moyen Âge : quelques pistes de recherche (XIIe-début XIIIe siècle)
Benoît-Michel Tock

“Sculpter les mouvements de l’âme” : traduction des affects et émotions dans la sculpture du XIIIe siècle
Denise Borlée

Autour d’une “Jeune femme au nourrisson” de Cranach : traces de l’intime conjugal dans le portrait
Anne Corneloup

“Dextrarum junctio” ou le sceau des âmes unies : usages d’un geste dans la France des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles
Temenuzhka Dimova

Exposer ou voiler ? Les représentations de la douleur au XVIIIe siècle
Barbara Stentz

Écrire la Catastrophe : l’historien-témoin et le génocide juif en Pologne, 1945-1950
Audrey Kichelewski

II. AUTOUR D’UNE SOURCE

Louis de Beer : part de l’intime dans la correspondance familiale d’un jeune administrateur au temps de Napoléon
Juliette Deloye

Correspondance de Louis de Beer. Extraits choisis, 1791-1813
Édition annotée

L’introduction à « Le Sujet des émotions au Moyen Âge » accessible en ligne !

Notre introduction à Le Sujet des émotions au Moyen Âge est désormais accessible gratuitement en ligne sur la page de présentation de l’ouvrage, ici :

D. Boquet et P. Nagy, « Pour une histoire des émotions. L’historien face aux questions contemporaines », dans Le sujet des émotions au Moyen Âge, Paris, Beauchesne, 2009, p. 15-51.

Corps et genre des émotions dans l’hagiographie féminine au XIIIe siècle

Damien Boquet, « Corps et genre des émotions dans l’hagiographie féminine au XIIIe siècle », dans Cahiers d’études du religieux. Recherches interdisciplinaires, dossier « Le corps témoin du religieux : corps féminins entre mysticisme et emprise diabolique« , 13 (2014), texte intégral

Résumé :

La piété chrétienne au XIIIe siècle en Occident est marquée par une entrée en scène des laïcs, plus particulièrement des femmes, ainsi que par une forte valorisation des émotions dans la dévotion. Or, les historiens ont peu questionné l’association de ces deux mouvements, comme s’ils allaient naturellement de pair. Au contraire, le succès d’une mystique affective féminine au XIIIe siècle n’a rien d’attendu, dans la mesure où les schémas de dévotion qui se diffusent ont été élaborés aux XIe-XIIe siècles pour des milieux monastiques masculins. Ce qui est devenu rapidement la marque du féminin n’était absolument pas déterminé par une logique de genre au départ. C’est pourquoi il convient de faire l’histoire de la féminisation de la piété affective à partir de la fin du XIIe siècle, et donc de l’invention d’un stéréotype de genre qui ne fera que se renforcer au cours des siècles.

Thirteenth-century Christian piety in the West was characterised by the rise of laypeople, more particularly women, and by a strong valuing of emotions in the devotional life. Historians have given little thought to the association between these two movements, as if they went together naturally. Yet, the spread of female affective mysticism was by no means predictable, since it was shaped by devotional models which had been devised for male monastic communities in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Thus, what quickly became a female feature was not predetermined by any gendered logic. It is therefore necessary to write the history of the feminisation of affective piety from the end of the twelfth century onwards and look at the invention of a gendered stereotype that became increasingly forceful over the centuries.

Emotions et nation dans la littérature du Moyen Âge et de la Renaissance

Source: University of Pittsburgh

Apprendre des massacres: émotions et nation dans la littérature du Moyen Âge et de la Renaissance

Morand Métivier, Charles-Louis (2013) Apprendre des massacres: émotions et nation dans la littérature du Moyen Âge et de la Renaissance. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

This dissertation examines the literary representations of massacres from the late fourteenth to the sixteenth century as challenging accepted notions of nationhood and kingship, recreating the nation as an emotional community that transcends traditional ideas of class, rank or wealth. The diachronic approach of this dissertation covers texts written over a period of two hundred years that were written in reaction to three particular massacres: the Battle of Nicopolis (September 25th, 1396), the Battle of Agincourt (October 25th, 1415), and the events of the First French War of Religion (1561-1563). The main theoretical framework of this dissertation is the idea of emotional communities developed by Barbara Rosenwein. She demonstrates that numerous emotional communities coexisted during the same period, some dominating political and social discourses, but she does not focus on the nation as an emotional community. I use the idea of emotional communities to study how massacres created the possibility for an emotional approach to the study of the nation as an assemblage of communities that redefines itself after a major defeat. I study these communities not only as isolated groups, but also as integrated parts of the nation. The emotional charge following the massacres that created these communities puts them at the center of the new image of France developed in my works, which redefines the French nation as a community of communities and the king as its emotional leader. Through close readings of Philippe de Mézieres’s Epitre lamentable et consolatoire (1397), Christine de Pizan’s Epitre de la prison de vie humaine (1418), Alain Chartier’s Livre des quatre dames (1418), the anonymous Tragédie du sac de Cabrières (1545), and Pierre de Ronsard’s Discours (1562-1565), I demonstrate how the early modern nation built itself following moments of crisis, with emotions as the medium of its creation, and with the king as the emotional cement between its different components.


Feeling Like a Holy Warrior: Western Authors’ Attributions of Emotion as Proof of Motives for Violence Among Christian Actors in Military Conflicts, Tenth Through Early Twelfth Centuries

Jilana Ordman, Loyola University ChicagoFollow

Date of Award

2013

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

History

Abstract

This dissertation explores two areas of human experience that have been criticized as potentially dangerous and uncontrollable almost consistently since Late Antiquity: violence and those who engage in it, and emotions. However, it will be seen that in the Western Mediterranean and Southern and Central Western Europe, from Late Antiquity through the early-Twelfth Century, these areas were carefully controlled and directed by complex philosophical and religious systems.

Polytheist Roman, and later patristic Christian, authors who wrote within classical and late antique philosophical and religious systems created the accepted norms for the undertaking of organized violence – that which was fought under recognized leadership and undertaken for an acceptable moral or ethical goal. These authors also constructed norms for acceptable experiences and expressions of emotions such as anger, fear, courage, joy, sorrow and religious devotion. This project demonstrates that attitudes toward both violence and emotion changed slowly over time as the Christian faith rose to dominance in the Roman Empire; the western Roman Empire dissolved into Christian successor kingdoms; Christian insitutions in the West grew in number and complexity as well as territorial and cultural influence; and territorial conflicts inside Europe and conflicts on and beyond its borders classified by contemporaneaous and later historians as holy wars and crusades brought Christians face to face with new forces they perceived as enemies who threatened the faith.

This dissertation examines a large number of clerically authored and influenced juridical, prescriptive, narrative, and epistolary texts composed from Late Antiquity through the Early Twelfth Century, for evidence of attitudes toward and definitions of emotions, and attitudes toward organized violence. Changes over time in attitudes concerning organized violence and methods for judging those who shed blood will be seen in juridical texts by popes and other ecclesiastical or monastic leaders. Christians came to be seen as able to consciously direct their emotions for the benefit of their religious devotion, in order to avoid or gain forgiveness for sin and to help them move closer to God. Changes in emotion will be seen in clerically authored and influenced textual accounts of organized violence, and in the emotions attributed to Christian participants, from the tenth through twelfth centuries. These authors will be seen to have described emotions to provide evidence of actors motives for violence, that which seperated those who sinned by shedding blood out of greed from those who used violence out of love to correct enemies for their own good and to protect fellow Christians.

As will be briefly discussed in the conclusion to this project, modern scientific research on emotions suggests that these systems also influenced historical actors internal neurobiological experiences. But as I argue from a culturalist historical perspective throughout this project, changes in their experiences were equally the products of texts by western clerical authors, and lay authors writing with clerical influence, in which changes over time in emotions and attitudes toward violence are seen.

Recommended Citation

Ordman, Jilana, « Feeling Like a Holy Warrior: Western Authors’ Attributions of Emotion as Proof of Motives for Violence Among Christian Actors in Military Conflicts, Tenth Through Early Twelfth Centuries » (2013). Dissertations. Paper 679.
http://ecommons.luc.edu/luc_diss/679

Sentiment et modernité (laboratoire junior ENS Lyon)

Un très beau site qui présente un très beau projet de jeunes chercheurs consacré à l’histoire et à la philosophie des sentiments aux XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles.

Voir la rubrique actualités avec ses annonces de séminaires et journées d’études.

Un carnet de recherches est associé à ce « laboratoire junior » : « Sentiment et modernité »

Évidemment, pour les médiévistes que nous sommes, voir comme sous-titre au projet « Naissance du sentiment à l’âge classique » provoque quelques picotements….

Max Weber et l’étrange rationalité du capitalisme

Max Weber a-t-il été le chantre du capitalisme moderne et du triomphe de la raison occidentale ? Deux publications récentes répondent à cette question résolument par la négative et s’emploient à rectifier, en partant de prémisses fort différentes, une vision caricaturale de l’auteur de L’Éthique protestante et l’esprit du capitalisme.

Réflexion d’Isabelle Kalinowski parue dans « La vie des idées.fr » à partir de deux ouvrages récents :

Recensés :
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- Michael Löwy, La Cage d’acier. Max Weber et le marxisme wébérien, Stock, Collection « Un ordre d’idées », 2013. 200 p., 18 €.

 

 

 

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-Michel Lallement, Tensions majeures. Max Weber, l’économie, l’érotisme, Gallimard, 2013. 288 p., 19, 90 €.

 

Un secolo di sentimenti (Tiziana PLEBANI)

RidottoPlebaniLivre électronique, accessible gratuitement

Tiziana PLEBANI, Un secolo di sentimenti. Amori e conflitti generazionali nella Venezia del Settecento, 2012.

Un vento caldo e potente soffia nel Settecento in tutta Europa. Consegna parole cariche di energia ai figli mentre svuota quelle dei padri. Un vento nutrito di cultura, romanzi e frequentazione dei teatri, che a Venezia rende sempre più audaci i figli e le figlie. In questo libro li seguiamo mentre scrivono lettere, inviano suppliche per liberarsi da padri dispotici, sorprendono i parroci con matrimoni clandestini, rincorrono una dispensa per nozze segrete, fuggono di casa. Si appropriano di saperi giuridici ed ecclesiastici, di informazioni pratiche e di notizie per riuscire a realizzare i propri desideri. I padri invece escogitano impedimenti, chiedono correzioni e progettano matrimoni forzati. Sono anni, atmosfere, idealità che masticano poco il linguaggio dell’ubbidienza e del sacrificio: il confronto tra le generazioni è ampio e senza esclusione di colpi. La posta in gioco è del resto la libertà di vita. Il terreno dello scontro è l’amore, che in questo secolo si conquista un prezioso alleato: la cultura assegna infatti all’amore il compito di creare una comunità rigenerata e migliore. E soprattutto felice.