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Facing Up to the History of Emotions – Postmedieval: a Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies, 8/1

Postmedieval: a journal of medieval cultural studies

Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2017

Facing Up to the History of Emotions

ISSN: 2040-5960 (Print) 2040-5979 (Online)

 

La langue des émotions – XVIe-XVIIIe siècles

La Langue des émotions – XVIe-XVIIIe siècle

 


S’inscrivant dans le prolongement des recherches fécondes sur l’histoire des émotions, ce livre s’interroge sur les tentatives de rénovation de la langue littéraire de la Renaissance à l’âge des Lumières à partir du critère de l’émotion, sur le double plan des spéculations théoriques et des réalisations pratiques.
Table des matières
A continuation of productive investigations into the history of emotions, this book examines attempts to rehabilitate Renaissance literary language during the Enlightenment using the criterion of emotion, both in the realm of theoretical speculation and practical implementation.
Table of contents

Titre La Langue des émotions – XVIe-XVIIIe siècle
Directeur d’ouvrage Ferrer (Véronique), Ramond (Catherine)
Collection Rencontres
N° dans la collection 287
Série Le Siècle classique
N° dans la série 6
ISBN 978-2-406-06249-3
EAN 9782406062493
Lieu d’édition Paris
Date de parution 22/03/2017
Format 15 x 22 x 2,3 cm
Nombre de pages 416 pages
Support Broché
Nombre de volumes 1 volume(s)
Poids 570 g

Prix unitaire: 49.00 € TTC

 

Le retour de la vergogne – dans Libération ! et dans le regard sur le débat politique…

Le retour de la vergogne
Par Sylvain Venayre, Historien Libération, 14 mars 2017 à 17:06
Le cadavre exquis des agitateurs

Au Moyen Age, la vergogne était une forme de «honte honorable» : l’historien Sylvain L’historien Sylvain Venayre reprend la plume laissée mercredi dernier par l’écrivaine Leïla Slimani. Semaine après semaine, un membre de l’équipe des «agitateurs» réunis par «Libération» pour suivre la présidentielle poursuivra ce texte à plusieurs mains.

«Un homme qu’on ne peut pas persuader est un homme qui fait peur.» On pourrait aussi bien dire le contraire – après tout, je ne suis pas sûr d’être très en confiance avec quelqu’un qu’on peut aisément persuader. Cependant, je suis d’accord avec Leïla Slimani. Ces jours-ci, il semble évident d’ouvrir à nouveau les livres de Camus, comme pour s’y retrancher derrière des positions sûres, éprouvées, reprendre des forces comme dans un bastion d’humanisme avant de repartir à l’offensive. Les temps sont troublés. On assure que l’extrême droite sera au second tour de l’élection présidentielle, quoi qu’il advienne. Le candidat de droite, qui devait rassurer, inquiète. La gauche s’organise pour ne pas être présente au second tour. Le centre est plutôt un trou, un maelström dans lequel s’engloutissent les navires en perdition des alentours. Joue-t-on à se faire peur ? Ou a-t-on vraiment peur ?

Les émotions commandent nos engagements bien plus qu’on ne se l’avoue. La peur est dans la campagne : la peur de ceux qu’inquiètent l’état des rapports de force politiques et la perspective d’une victoire, sinon de l’extrême droite, du moins de son idéologie ; la peur aussi par laquelle on nomme tant d’émotions qui ne sont pourtant pas exactement de la peur, mais plutôt de la haine – sérieusement, qui veut croire, au prétexte de l’étymologie, que la xénophobie n’est que la peur de l’étranger ? que l’islamophobie n’est que la peur de l’islam ?

Cette campagne électorale s’annonçait trop tranquille. Le président sortant devait défendre son bilan, sans doute face à son prédécesseur qui, avec une obstination extraordinaire, entendait être son principal contradicteur. Mais rien ne s’est passé comme prévu – sauf l’extrême droite. A commenter l’actualité politique de ces derniers mois, on s’est retrouvés comme des spectateurs de Games of Thrones en train de se demander quels personnages allaient disparaître au prochain épisode, et de quelle façon cruelle. Le feuilleton est d’ailleurs passionnant. Les audiences des émissions politiques télévisées en témoignent.

Il est passionnant par les émotions qu’il suscite – la peur et la haine, bien sûr, mais pas seulement. La liesse aussi : celle de ces militants dont les champions triomphent. Mais cette liesse est étrange, jamais très spontanée, et ne s’accompagnant d’aucun espoir évident. Rien ne suggère qu’au lendemain du second tour de l’élection présidentielle, quel que soit le vainqueur, des foules chantantes se retrouveront pour rêver ensemble à une grande amélioration de la société. S’il y a de l’enthousiasme, celui-ci se mêle de tant de colère et d’inquiétude qu’il est difficile à analyser. La joie que l’on éprouve à sortir les sortants est comme un indice : c’est une joie mauvaise.

Il faudrait analyser ces émotions, mesurer leur effet cathartique, ne pas nécessairement les opposer aux projets politiques tels que les programmes s’efforcent de les rationaliser. Peut-être s’apercevrait-on alors qu’elles en disent plus long sur la société actuelle que bien des sondages d’opinion. Dans un beau livre récent, Sensible Moyen Age, Damien Boquet et Piroska Nagy ont mis en évidence l’historicité des émotions médiévales, soulignant notamment l’importance d’une émotion aujourd’hui disparue : la vergogne. On la connaît aujourd’hui comme une forme de honte ou, plus exactement, d’absence de honte puisque la langue française ne l’a pratiquement conservée que dans l’expression «sans vergogne». (Ce sont les bacheliers de Brassens, par exemple, qui pour offrir aux filles des fleurs se firent, «sans vergogne», un peu voleurs).

Au Moyen Age, c’était très différent. Alors, la vergogne était non seulement la honte qui suivait une action moralement condamnable, mais aussi la honte d’avant la honte, une forme de pudeur qui, pour des raisons tenant au sentiment de l’honneur, anticipait l’humiliation. Une honte honorable en quelque sorte, dont les clercs espéraient bien qu’elle pourrait préserver de la faute.

Ceux qui connaissent cette histoire n’ont pu qu’y songer au fur et à mesure que se développait l’affaire – ou les affaires – Fillon. Mélange de honte, de pudeur et d’honneur, la vergogne n’aurait-elle pas pu modifier le comportement du candidat de la droite, si prompt à se dire chrétien ? On pourrait lui poser la question. Nul n’étant plus capable aujourd’hui de ressentir la vergogne médiévale, ce serait un moyen dépassionné de poser la question de l’usage des émotions. Car, en politique, les émotions ne devraient pas être seulement le moyen d’un bon feuilleton. Elles devraient être au cœur de l’analyse. Intégrons les émotions dans le débat.

La semaine prochaine : l’économiste Alexandre Delaigue.

Sylvain Venayre Historien

Raisons politiques : Émotions politiques

Présentation

La politique est dominée par les émotions. Les émotions sont responsables des maux qui avilissent la qualité des débats publics, dit-on. Mais que sont exactement les émotions en politique ? Y a-t-il une grammaire des émotions politiques que l’on pourrait mettre au jour grâce à la théorie politique ? C’est le pari de ce numéro.

Les émotions structurent les positions politiques, individuelles et collectives : elles s’expliquent, en amont, par les processus de socialisation et de moralisation des acteurs ; elles contribuent, en aval, à comprendre les positionnements idéologiques et stratégiques des acteurs de la vie politique. L’intelligibilité des phénomènes politiques dépend de la prise en compte de la dimension émotive de la motivation des acteurs politiques.

Éditorial : Émotions entre théories et pratiques, Page 5 à 13

Christophe Traïni Registres émotionnels et processus politiques, Page 15 à 29
Gil Delannoi, Connaissance et passion : penser la causalité et la « bonne cause » à partir des Lumières, Page 31 à 48
Félix Blanc, La publicité des débats parlementaires : un triomphe pour l’argumentation ? Page 49 à 66
Crystal Cordell, L’indignation entre pitié et dégoût : les ambiguïtés d’une émotion morale, Page 67 à 90

Paula Vásquez Lezama, La tension entre l’autoritarisme et la compassion : le cas de Franklin Brito au Venezuela, Page 91 à 105

Benjamin Brice, Égalité ou supériorité ? La reconnaissance dans les relations internationales, Page 107 à 125

Emotions in the History of Witchcraft

Emotions in the History of Witchcraft

Editors: Kounine, Laura, Ostling, Michael (Eds.)

  • Contributes to the growing scholarship in the history of the emotions, as well as the history of witchcraft and magic

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Bringing together leading historians, anthropologists, and religionists, this volume examines the unbridled passions of witchcraft from the Middle Ages to the present. Witchcraft is an intensely emotional crime, rooted in the belief that envy and spite can cause illness or even death. Witch-trials in turn are emotionally driven by the grief of alleged victims and by the fears of magistrates and demonologists.
With examples ranging from Russia to New England, Germany to Cameroon, chapters cover the representation of emotional witches in demonology and art; the gendering of witchcraft as female envy or male rage; witchcraft as a form of bullying and witchcraft accusation as a form of therapy; love magic and demon-lovers; and the affective memorialization of the “Burning Times” among contemporary Pagan feminists. Wide-ranging and methodologically diverse, the book is appropriate for scholars of witchcraft, gender, and emotions; for graduate or undergraduate courses, and for the interested general reader.

Table of contents (15 chapters)

  • Fear and Devotion in the Writings of Heinrich Institoris

    Herzig, Tamar Pages 19-35

  • The Cruelty of Witchcraft: The Drawings of Jacques de Gheyn the Younger

    Zika, Charles Pages 37-56

  • Satanic Fury: Depictions of the Devil’s Rage in Nicolas Remy’s Daemonolatria

    Kounine, Laura Pages 57-76

  • Tyrannical Beasts: Male Witchcraft in Early Modern English Culture

    Kent, E. J. Pages 77-94

  • The Witch in the Courtroom: Torture and the Representations of Emotion

    Voltmer, Rita Pages 97-116

  • ‘So They Will Love Me and Pine for Me’: Intimacy and Distance in Early Modern Russian Magic

    Kivelson, Valerie A. Pages 117-135

  • Emotion and Affect in Lorraine Witchcraft Trials

    Briggs, Robin Pages 137-153

  • Speaking of Love in the Polish Witch Trials

    Ostling, Michael Pages 155-171

  • Over-Familiar Spirits: The Bonds between English Witches and Their Devils

    Millar, Charlotte-Rose Pages 173-189

  • Bullying, the Neurobiology of Emotional Aggression, and the Experience of Witchcraft

    Bever, Edward Pages 193-212

  • Witchcraft and the Dangers of Intimacy: Africa and Europe

    Geschiere, Peter Pages 213-229

  • Psychotic Reactions? Witchcraft, the Devil and Mental Illness

    Ferber, Sarah Pages 231-245

  • In Memorium Maleficarum: Feminist and Pagan Mobilizations of the Burning Times

    Zwissler, Laurel Pages 249-268

  • Afterword: Passions in Perspective

    Gaskill, Malcolm

Tears, Sighs and Laughter. Expressions of Emotions in the Middle Ages

Tears, Sighs and Laughter

Expressions of Emotions in the Middle Ages

By Per Förnegård (red.), Erika Kihlman (red.), Mia Åkestam (red.), Gunnel Engwall (red.)

Konferenser, 92
ISBN: 9789174024470
Soft cover: 330 pages
Published: 2017
Language: eng

SEK 235

In the 1990s a new interest for research on emotions and affectivity in the humanities and the social sciences began to develop. This movement, later referred to as “the affective turn”, has been a most productive and vigorous field of research in the past decades as it opens up for new interpretations of historical source materials and enables studies of the relationship between states of mind and materiality. In addition, it prompts questions of, for example, gender, power and religiosity, thus being conducive to a fuller understanding of historical events, places and persons.

This anthology is the result of a Marcus Wallenberg symposium held at The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, focused on interpretations of emotions as expressed in medieval art and literature. The contributing scholars represent a wide variety of disciplines as can be seen in the range of topics and materials in the articles. Emotional expressions within the religious as well as the secular spheres are analyzed, drawing on hagiographical and biblical texts, monastic writings and sermons, early modern novels and comic tales, crusader stories, historical chronicles and even runes.

The Authors: Roger Andersson, Alexander Andrée, Martha Bayless, Kim Bergqvist, Tomas Ekenberg, Olle Ferm, Carin Franzén, Claes Gejrot, Wojtek Jezierski, Magnus Källström, Sofia Lodén, Piroska Nagy, Corinne Péneau, Claire L. Sahlin, Jean-Claude Schmitt, Wim Verbaal, Kurt Villads Jensen, Elisabeth Wåghäll Nivre & Mia Åkestam.

 

 

The Ancient Emotion of Disgust

9780190604110

Source : OUP

The Ancient Emotion of Disgust, Oxford university Press, 2016

Donald Lateiner and Dimos Spatharas (ed.)

The study of emotions and emotional displays has achieved a deserved prominence in recent classical scholarship. The emotions of the classical world can be plumbed to provide a valuable heuristic tool. Emotions can help us understand key issues of ancient ethics, ideological assumptions, and normative behaviors, but, more frequently than not, classical scholars have turned their attention to « social emotions » requiring practical decisions and ethical judgments in public and private gatherings. The emotion of disgust has been unwarrantedly neglected, even though it figures saliently in many literary genres, such as iambic poetry and comedy, historiography, and even tragedy and philosophy.
This collection of seventeen essays by fifteen authors features the emotion of disgust as one cutting edge of the study of Greek and Roman antiquity. Individual contributions explore a wide range of topics. These include the semantics of the emotion both in Greek and Latin literature, its social uses as a means of marginalizing individuals or groups of individuals, such as politicians judged deviant or witches, its role in determining aesthetic judgments, and its potentialities as an elicitor of aesthetic pleasure. The papers also discuss the vocabulary and uses of disgust in life (Galli, actors, witches, homosexuals) and in many literary genres: ancient theater, oratory, satire, poetry, medicine, historiography, Hellenistic didactic and fable, and the Roman novel. The Introduction addresses key methodological issues concerning the nature of the emotion, its cognitive structure, and modern approaches to it. It also outlines the differences between ancient and modern disgust and emphasizes the appropriateness of « projective or second-level disgust » (vilification) as a means of marginalizing unwanted types of behavior and stigmatizing morally condemnable categories of individuals. The volume is addressed first to scholars who work in the field of classics, but, since texts involving disgust also exhibit significant cultural variation, the essays will attract the attention of scholars who work in a wide spectrum of disciplines, including history, social psychology, philosophy, anthropology, comparative literature, and cross-cultural studies.

Preface
Introductory: Theory and Practice of an Ambivalent Emotion
Donald Lateiner (Ohio Wesleyan University)
Dimos Spatharas (University of Crete)
1. Empathy and the Limits of Disgust in the Hippocratic Corpus
George Kazantzidis (University of Patras/Open University of Cyprus)
2. Moral Disgust in Sophocles’ Philoctetes
Emily Allen-Hornblower (Rutgers University)
3. Disgust and Delight: The Polysemous Exclamation Aiboi in Attic Comedy
Daniel Levine (University of Arkansas)
4. Demosthenes and the use of disgust
Nick Fisher (Cardiff University)
5. Sex, politics and disgust in Aeschines’ Against Timarchus
Dimos Spatharas (University of Crete)
6. Beauty in suffering: disgust in Nicander’s Theriaca
Floris Overduin (Radboud University)
7. Not Tonight, Dear-I’m Feeling a Little /pig/
Robert Kaster (Princeton University)
8. Beyond Disgust: The Politics of Fastidium in Livy’s AUC
Alison Haimson-Lushkov (University of Texas at Austin)
9. Witches, Disgust, and Anti-abortion Propaganda in Imperial Rome
Debbie Felton (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)
10. Evoking Disgust in the Latin Novels of Petronius and Apuleius
Donald Lateiner (Ohio Wesleyan University)
11. Obscena Galli praesentia: Dehumanizing Cybele’s Eunuch Priests through Disgust
Marika Rauhala (University of Oulu)
12. Monstrum in fronte, monstrum in animo?: Sublate disgust and pharmakos logic in the Aesopic vitae
Tom Hawkins (The Ohio State University)
13. Smelly bodies on stage: disgusting actors of the Roman imperial period
Mali Skotheim (Princeton University)
Bibliography
Index Rerum
Index Auctorum Antiquorum et locorum

Generazioni di sentimenti Una storia delle emozioni, 600-1700

936119ded9e9babf463ffa16051cbc03_w600_h_mw_mh_cs_cx_cy

Source : Viella

Generazioni di sentimenti. Una storia delle emozioni, 600-1700, Viella, 2016

Barbara H. Rosenwein

Traduzione e cura di Riccardo Cristiani

Collana: La storia. Temi, 51

Generazioni di sentimenti è il primo libro in Italia a offrire tutta la novità degli studi recenti di storia delle emozioni, uno dei più interessanti e nuovi filoni della ricerca storica internazionale. Barbara Rosenwein esplora varietà, trasformazioni e costanti dei sentimenti espressi da numerose comunità emotive nell’arco di undici secoli di storia europea, dal medioevo alla prima età moderna. I capitoli si concentrano in particolare su Francia e Inghilterra e toccano comunità disparate – quelle del monastero inglese di Rievaulx (XII sec.) e della corte ducale di Borgogna (XV sec.), ad esempio – valutando i modi in cui le norme emotive e le forme espressive rispondono agli ambienti sociali, religiosi e culturali, e come a loro volta creano quegli ambienti. Unendo le emozioni sperimentate “sul campo” a quelle teorizzate nei trattati di Alcuino, Tommaso d’Aquino, Jean Gerson e Thomas Hobbes, questo studio mette finalmente a disposizione un racconto nuovo e profondo della vita emotiva occidentale.

  • Premessa all’edizione italiana
  • Nota del traduttore
  • Abbreviazioni e sigle
  • Introduzione
  • 1. Le teorie antiche
  • 2. Calorosità e freddezza
  • 3. La terapia di Alcuino
  • 4. Amore e tradimento
  • 5. Tommaso e le passioni
  • 6. Teatralità e sobrietà
  • 7. La musica di Gerson
  • 8. Disperazione e felicità
  • 9. Hobbes e i movimenti
  • Conclusioni
  • Fonti e bibliografia
  • Elenco delle figure
  • Indice dei nomi, dei luoghi e delle parole di emozioni

Barbara H. Rosenwein è docente emerita della Loyola University di Chicago. Si è occupata di monachesimo cluniacense, di immunità monastiche e di esenzioni vescovili. È l’autrice di un manuale di storia medievale per le università americane – A Short History of the Middle Ages – ormai alla sua quarta edizione. Dalla fine degli anni Novanta dedica le sue ricerche alla storia delle emozioni e nel 2006 è uscito il suo Emotional Communities in the Early Middle Ages.

Disaster, Death and the Emotions in the Shadow of the Apocalypse, 1400–1700

9781137442703

Source : Palgrave

Disaster, Death and the Emotions in the Shadow of the Apocalypse, 1400–1700, Palgrave, 2016

Editors: Spinks, Jennifer, Zika, Charles (Eds.)

In late medieval and early modern Europe, textual and visual records of disaster and mass death allow us to encounter the intense emotions generated through the religious, providential and apocalyptic frameworks that provided these events with meaning. This collection brings together historians, art historians, and literary specialists in a cross-disciplinary collection shaped by new developments in the history of emotions. It offers a rich range of analytical frameworks and case studies, from the emotional language of divine providence to individual and communal experiences of disaster. Geographically wide-ranging, the collection also analyses many different sorts of media: from letters and diaries to broadsheets and paintings. Through these and other historical records, the contributors examine how communities and individuals experienced, responded to, recorded and managed the emotional dynamics and trauma created by dramatic events like massacres, floods, fires, earthquakes and plagues.

Engaging the Emotions in Spanish Culture and History

lgcover-9780826520852

Source : Vanderbilt University Press

Engaging the Emotions in Spanish Culture and History, Vanderbilt University Press, 2016

Editor(s): Luisa Elena Delgado, Pura Fernandez, Jo Labanyi

Rather than being properties of the individual self, emotions are socially produced and deployed in specific cultural contexts, as this collection documents with unusual richness. All the essays show emotions to be a form of thought and knowledge, and a major component of social life—including in the nineteenth century, which attempted to relegate them to a feminine intimate sphere.

The collection ranges across topics such as eighteenth-century sensibility, nineteenth-century concerns with the transmission of emotions, early twentieth-century cinematic affect, and the contemporary mobilization of political emotions including those regarding nonstate national identities. The complexities and effects of emotions are explored in a variety of forms—political rhetoric, literature, personal letters, medical writing, cinema, graphic art, soap opera, journalism, popular music, digital media—with attention paid to broader European and transatlantic implications.


Biography of Editor(s)

Luisa Elena Delgado is Professor of Spanish, Critical Theory, and Gender and Women’s Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Pura Fernández is Research Professor in the Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences at Spain’s National Research Council.
Jo Labanyi is Professor of Spanish at New York University.

Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions

9780199981892

Source : OUP

Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions, Oxford University Press, 2015

Catherine Keane

In his sixteen verse Satires, Juvenal explores the emotional provocations and pleasures associated with social criticism and mockery. He makes use of traditional generic elements such as the first-person speaker, moral diatribe, narrative, and literary allusion to create this new satiric preoccupation and theme. Juvenal defines the satirist figure as an emotional agent who dramatizes his own response to human vices and faults, and he in turn aims to engage other people’s feelings. Over the course of his career, he adopts a series of rhetorical personae that represent a spectrum of satiric emotions, encouraging his audience to ponder satire’s proper emotional mode and function. Juvenal first offers his signature indignatio with its associated pleasures and discomforts, then tries on subtler personae that suggest dry detachment, callous amusement, anxiety, and other affective states.

As Keane shows, the satiric emotions are not only found in the author’s rhetorical performances, but they are also a major part of the human farrago that the Satires purport to treat. Juvenal’s poems explore the dynamic operation of emotions in society, drawing on diverse ancient literary, rhetorical, and philosophical sources. Each poem uniquely engages with different texts and ideas to reveal the unsettling powers of its emotional mode. Keane also analyzes the « emotional plot » of each book of Satires and the structural logic of the entire series with its wide range of subjects and settings. From his famous angry tirades to his more puzzling later meditations, Juvenal demonstrates an enduring interest in the relationship between feelings and moral judgment.

Contents
Acknowledgments
Note on Texts and Translations
Introduction
Chapter 1: Anger Games
Chapter 2: Monstrous Misogyny and the End of Anger
Chapter 3: Change, Decline, and the Progress of Satire
Chapter 4: Considering Tranquility
Chapter 5: The Praegrandis Senex
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

Catherine Keane is Associate Professor of Classics at Washington University in St. Louis. She is the author of Figuring Genre in Roman Satire (2006) and A Roman Verse Satire Reader (2010).